ATTITUDE OF THE FOUR CALIPHS TOWARD THE HADITHS

Those who have acknowledged the existence of books other than the Quran as sources for Islam in the belief that the Quran was not self-sufficient, and who have tried to understand Islam basing this on the hadiths, think that the happiest period of Islam was in fact the period during which the Prophet reigned and next to it the period of the Four Caliphs that followed it. However, their behavior has betrayed their speculative approach. It is a fact that the Four Caliphs banned the copying of all hadiths and did everything to thwart the attempts to copy. What is more, the time was the period after the death of the Prophet. Had they so wanted, they could have collected an infinite number of hadiths, and the result would have been much more reliable, given the fact that they would have obtained their information from the people who had seen and talked to the Prophet. What they did, however, was to outlaw the creation of sources next to the Quran. It may be worthwhile to quote here the remark of Darekutni, the celebrated hadith transmitter: “A sound hadith among those invented is like the only white hair on the skin of a black ox.” A time came when the number of invented hadiths exceeded the genuine ones. The most renowned book of hadiths came out in the period when the political, material and moral interests had prevailed. The authors were certainly oblivious to the Four Caliphs’ approach to the issue. Although the said Four Caliphs are an object of praise today, they ignored their attitude toward the hadiths:

Abu Bakr gathered the public after the death of the Prophet and addressed them thus: “You are transmitting conflicting hadiths that clash with the sayings of the Prophet. The persons to come after you will be in a worse predicament. Transmit no hadiths from God’s messenger. Speak to those who would like you to transmit hadiths in the following way: “Behold! God’s book is with us, abide by what has been made lawful for you therein and avoid what has been prohibited.”
Zahabi, Tezkiratul Huffaz, Bukhari

As we see, Abu Bakr, the first Caliph, was resolute about the prohibition of writing down hadiths. He made no distinction between the true and the fabricated hadiths. It is advisable to remind our readers that this approach by the Caliph is all the more meaningful if we consider that at the time there were still people living who had been a witness to the Prophet’s acts and sayings. The attitude of Omar was no different. He was even more rigid in his approach.

PAGE 2: OMAR’S CHASTISEMENT OF FABRICATORS
PAGE 3: PROMINENT COMPANIONS OF THE PROPHET WAGED WAR AGAINST TRANSMITTERS OF HADITHS
PAGE 4: ALI THE CALIPH HAD HADITH PAGES DESTROYED

HADITHS JUDGED BY HADITHS

We have already seen that logic and the Quran negate most of the so-called hadiths. On the other hand, there are hadiths that contradict other hadiths. We have seen instances of this in Chapters 4 and 7. Our aim in this chapter is not to approve some of the hadiths that seem logical to us and deny others. Such an attempt would be tantamount to considering the Quran not self-sufficient and incomplete. If we deem the Quran to be self-sufficient, we must shun explanations in which the truth and falsehoods are intermixed. Our objective here is merely to prove that the hadiths chosen by people, who, in total disregard of the fact that hadiths cannot constitute a source for religion, by having recourse to deductive reasoning, involves many contradictions.

We have already seen in Chapter 4 the very existence of hadith books of the Sunni and Shiite sects that contradict the Prophet’s prohibiting of copying his sayings.

We asked permission to write down his sayings, but he refused it.
Tirmizi, Kitabul- Ilm

As we were engaged in copying hadiths, the Prophet came up and asked: “What are you copying?” We answered: “Your sayings.” “Do you want a book other than God’s book? Nations before you swerved from the right path because they wrote books other than the one revealed by God!”
Al Hatib Takyid

PAGE 2: COPYING OF HADITHS WAS PROHIBITED BY THE PROPHET
PAGE 3: THE UNIQUE SOURCE OF ISLAM: THE QURAN
PAGE 4: THE HADITHS SHOULD BE DESTROYED ACCORDING TO THE HADITHS THEMSELVES

INTERPOLATIONS BY HADITHS

Just to make sure that certain errors are indeed made clear and, consequently, corrected, we find it advisable to stress certain points once again. There may be people who would come up arguing that the hadiths that do not clash with the Quran and stand to reason might, after all, be accepted as true. The fact is that these hadiths are also transmitted by the same source. Even though the hadiths may not contradict the verses of the Quran, as long as additional concepts of sins or good deeds and imagery related to hell and paradise are introduced, they should be discarded, since they are but commentaries and interpretations. Anyway, there is no need for any further considerations since the Quran is there, complete and whole and the sole source of Islam.

89 – We have sent down to you the Book explaining all things, a guide, a mercy and glad tidings for those who submit.
16 The Honey Bees, 89

Under the circumstances, to come up with concepts of sins and good deeds with the intention of making additions to the Quran, clashes with the verses of the Quran, some of which we have quoted in Chapter 2. If a given hadith tries to explain something supposedly not clearly expounded or if certain new concepts are put forward, concepts not existing in the Quran related to good deeds, sins, sunna or acts not forbidden by God but looked upon in horror and disgust by Muslim scholars, that hadith would necessarily be a false one. This leads us to another consideration. If a given hadith does not clash with the Quran, with another hadith and with logic and makes no addition to religious concepts, should we accept it as true? The answer is: “We are not in a position to give an answer to what we do not know.” How can we? All the hadiths in circulation have their source in the books of the transmitters of a pack of lies. Moreover, since we have the Quran, infallible in every respect, why do we have to have recourse to the hadiths? Since the Quran explicitly states that we must not abide by conjectural prescriptions, we must surely beware of hadiths every one of which being a matter of conjecture. How can we, in 1400 AH, sort out the contradictions, the paradoxes, the lies and the illogicalities that infiltrated them during their collection in 200-300 AH? All these vain efforts are the result of failing to see the Quran as a complete book; this failure had in fact grave consequences. To illustrate our argument we are giving below ten examples.

PAGE 2: 1) MATHEMATICALLY COMMENSURABLE PRAYERS?
PAGE 3: 2) BEWARE THE LEFT HAND!
PAGE 4: 3) CEREMONIES ON THE OCCASION OF BIRTH
PAGE 5: 4) SHOULD BLACK DOGS BE KILLED?
PAGE 6: 5) EATING IN GOLDEN AND SILVER PLATES PROHIBITED
PAGE 7: 6) PUNISHMENT FOR CUTTING A WOMAN’S FINGERS
PAGE 8: 7) CIRCUMCISION OF WOMEN
PAGE 9: 8.) MAGIC TREE! GIGANTIC MOLAR AND IMMENSE SKIN
PAGE 10: 9) PROPHET’S COMMANDING ABLUTION FOR THE EATER OF CAMEL FLESH
PAGE 11: 10) GHAZZALI’S PRESCRIPTION FOR SALVATION
PAGE 12: HOW TO RECONCILE THESE HADITHS WITH ISLAM?

HADITHS IN CONTRADICTION WITH LOGIC

In the preceding chapters, we saw that the Quran was a guarded, consistent and complete book wherein there were no contradictions, and constituted thus the only source of Islam. We also observed that the hadiths had been exposed to interpolations, were inconsistent and contained contradictions; thus, they could not be considered a source for religion, and, what is more, they were utterly devoid of importance, since the Quran contained all that a man should know as far as religion was concerned. We shall continue to illustrate our argument with examples we shall be providing. We propose, in this section, to show the contradictions of hadiths with logic. According to the Quran, people must work their brains and try to see His revelations reflected in the universe, in their own constitution and in the Quran. To say that reason, which is part and parcel of the universe’s harmony, is not compatible with religion, is to try to conceive of religion in total disregard of reason, to look for virtues and merits by turning a blind eye to it rather than using it. There are laborious works of those who have been instrumental in introducing absurdities into religion and there are dissenters from all creeds. It is inconceivable to think that religion is irreconcilable and incompatible with intelligence. Is intelligence not a blessed gift of God? Does the Quran not repeat every now and then that we should use our brains?

100 – And He casts uncleanness on those who will not understand
10 Jonah, 100

This verse also indicates the reasons for the interpolations of uncleanness. As we are not in a position to squeeze in the brief space of our book hundreds of illogical and paradoxical hadiths, we shall be content with selecting only ten from among them. Our examination of these examples will enable us to understand better the uncleanness cast on those who turn a blind eye to the discourse of reason.

The traditionalist Islamist casts aspersion upon us arguing that we are confirmed enemies of the Prophet, that we deny his words and that we ignore him. We ask them a simple question: “Does questioning the truth of these so-called hadiths mean belittling the Prophet or rather protecting him against lies?” To confirm the truth of the contrived hadiths would certainly mean ascribing to him false statements and earn us the attribute of an accomplice.

PAGE 2: 1) LIVER OF THE FISH ON WHICH RESTS THE EARTH?
PAGE 3: 2) GOD=TIME?
PAGE 4: 3) MOSES SLAPPING THE FACE OF AZRAEL THE ANGEL OF DEATH?
PAGE 5: 4) HOW CAN THE PROPHET BE CRUEL?
PAGE 6: 5) FIRE EXTINGUISHED BY PRAYER?
PAGE 7: 6) AN IMPORTANT INJUCTION REGARDING SEXUAL INTERCOURSE!
PAGE 8: 7) WOMAN LICKING PUS?
PAGE 9: 8.) IMPERTINENCE OF THE GOAT!
PAGE 10: 9) THE MAGIC STONE!
PAGE 11: 10) CONUNDRUM!

CONTRADICTORY HADITHS

As we have seen, God says that the Quran is protected and free from all contradictions. God brings testimony to His statement by the fact that the Quran is His own word. By analogy, we deduced in Chapter 6 that hadiths could not constitute a source for religion as they clashed even with the Quran. These discrepancies are proofs of our contention. We shall be witnessing the fact that truth and falsehood are inextricably mixed together. It would be worth while to note that even though, when a given hadith does not conflict with the Quran and is not contrary to reason, it does not necessarily follow that it is the word of the Prophet and need not be taken as such. Religion cannot be based on such conjectures. Therefore no hadith can be considered having a religious connotation.

116 – If you obey the majority of people on earth, they will divert you from the path of God. They follow only conjecture, they only guess.
6 The Cattle, 116

36 – Most of them follow nothing but conjecture. Surely, conjecture is no substitute for the truth. God is fully aware of everything they do. But most of them follow nothing but fancy: truly fancy can be of no avail against truth. Verily God is well aware of all they do.
10 Jonah, 36

We are warned against abiding by conjectures. To try to found religious concepts on conjectures like hadiths would be baseless, since we have been provided with a miraculous, guarded and sound source without any contradiction like the Quran. Now we are going to illustrate the incongruity between hadiths in 10 examples.

PAGE 2: 1) DRAWING BLOOD DURING FAST
PAGE 3: 2) TURNING TOWARD MECCA DURING URINATION OR DEFECATION
PAGE 4: 3) KISSING ONE’S WIFE DOES NOT VIOLATE ONE’S FAST
PAGE 5: 4) CAN ONE PERFORM THE SALAT (RITUAL PRAYER) TWICE?
PAGE 6: 5) URINATING
PAGE 7: 6) DRINKING WATER
PAGE 8: 7) MENSTRUAL PERIOD
PAGE 9: 8.) CAN SOMEONE ON PILGRIMAGE GET MARRIED?
PAGE 10: 9) CAN A MAN’S CALF BE UNCOVERED?
PAGE 11: 10) THE SKIN OF DEAD ANIMAL

CONTRADICTIONS BETWEEN THE HADITHS AND THE QURAN

We shall study in this chapter the contradictions between the Quran, the basic and unique source of Islam, and the fabricated hadiths. When we observe the fatal consequences of the adoption of the hadiths as a source of religion, we shall see better the importance of going back to the Quran. We have quoted here the hadiths from the most famous book on hadiths to illustrate those that are openly in contradiction with the Quran; you can imagine the hadiths contained in the lesser known compilations.

The fact that these are hadiths that plainly contradict the verses of the Quran is enough to reject them all and our return to the Quran for our religious concepts. There are thousands of hadiths that present glaring contradictions with the Quran. We shall confine ourselves by quoting only ten. As we proceed, we shall witness many such inconsistencies.

Now, how do we know if the Quran is the Word of God? Some may come up with the answer: “It is said so in the Quran.” However, if there crop up persons pointing to other books ascribed to God, what shall be our argument?

We shall be able to assert that the Quran is the Word of God after examining and making an assessment of its contents. To discuss the truth of God’s message has to do with the intrinsic contents of the Quran. If we examine the hadiths with the same logic, we can see if they deserve to be a source of God’s revelation or not. As we discuss the degree of truth by the established religion, by referring to the very contents of the Quran, so we must examine the argument that hadiths must be considered a source of religion by referring to the body of hadiths. We have examined the Quran and the hadiths from the point of view of their respective intrinsic values, which would enable us to assess how far they could constitute a source for Islam. The hadiths we shall be examining now will make clear their reliability and truthfulness as a source of Islam.

The hadiths quoted here are those acknowledged reliable by prominent hadith scholars. We have left out those denied by them, as they deemed them not dependable. Of the latter, the following examples may be quoted: “When God desired to create Himself, He made the horse run and let it perspire; and out of this perspiration He created Himself” or “God created the angels from the hairs of His armpits and chest” or “God’s eyes were sore, the angels came to pay Him a visit” or “I saw God in my dream. He was a handsome young man with long hair. He wore a green garment and had golden sandals on His feet” (see Defense of the Hadiths Ibn Kutayba).

It is true that the prominent hadith scholars denied such fabricated hadiths and ignored them. What we shall presently see are the hadiths quoted by the most reliable, trustworthy and dependable hadith books, and we shall observe that the truth and falsehoods are inextricably mixed and any effort to tell them apart would be fruitless. Moreover, given the fact that the Quran is self-sufficient and complete in every respect, such an effort would be futile.

82 – Why do they not consider the Quran? If it were from other than God, they would have found in it many contradictions.
4 The Women, 82

9 – Surely, We have sent down a Reminder, And We are protecting It.
15 Al Hijr, 9

Verse 4 of the Sura The Women states that the source of Islam embodies no contradictions. By such a statement God confirms the truthfulness of the Quran as well as indicating how the book to constitute the source of religion should be. The very existence of the hadiths that contradict the Quran is proof that they cannot be considered as a source of Islam. Verse 15 Al Hijr 9 explicitly states that the Quran is a guarded and protected book. We shall see presently and in the following three chapters that the hadiths are not protected and that the whole body of them has become a hotchpotch of invented sayings.

By witnessing the regrettable consequences of the acceptance of the hadiths as a source of religion, we shall better see the absolute necessity of returning to the only source of Islam, the Quran, free from all contradictions and a guarded and protected Book.

PAGE 2: 1) GOD’S CALF?
PAGE 3: 2) GOD SHAKES HANDS?
PAGE 4: 3) SHOULD RENEGADES BE PUT TO DEATH?
PAGE 5: 4) SUFFERING FOR TEARS
PAGE 6: 5) GOOD WOMEN AND CROWS
PAGE 7: 6) SPELL AND PROPHET
PAGE 8: 7) IS A WILL PERMISSIBLE?
PAGE 9: 8.) PAINTERS GREATEST SINNERS?
PAGE 10: 9) WEARING GOLD ITEMS AND SILK GARMENTS?
PAGE 11: 10) FISH CAUSE OF EARTHQUAKE?