THE UNIQUE SOURCE OF ISLAM: THE QURAN
According to some hadiths, the Prophet had had certain failures in spheres outside the religious framework. It is wrong to make additions to the Quran related to the acts of the Prophet other than those revealed in the Quran. For they concern solely the Prophet’s private life. The hadith runs as follows:
“When the Prophet arrived in Medina, the people of Medina were engaged in grafting palm trees. The Prophet asked what they were doing and they answered: “It is the custom,” they said. He suggested: “It might be better if you desisted from it.” Whereupon they abandoned their custom. But the palm trees ceased to give fruit. When the Prophet was reminded of this, he said: “Well, I am but a human being. When I say something about religion, you should take it seriously. But when I make any other suggestion, you should pay heed to them as the words of a mortal.”
Muslim- Kitabul Fazail, Hanbal
The Prophet had pitched camp somewhere at Bedir, near a water spring. A companion of the Prophet, al Habbab b. al Munzir, asked him: “O messenger of God, can here be the place chosen for you by God? Or can it be a battle tactic of your own selection?” God’s messenger answered: “It is indeed a war tactic of my own selection.” Al Habbab retorted: “But here is not the right place for a pitched battle. Why not go and pitch our camp by a water spring nearer to the enemy. We could also dig a well there to store the water for our own consumption rather than allowing the enemy to have access to it.” The Prophet answered: “Right you say,” and suited the action to the word.
Ibn Hisham- as Sirah, Tabari-at Tarih.
“I am but a human being. You have recourse to me submitting your differences to my arbitration; I hope that some of you will be able to better explain your evidences so that I may decide in their favor. If I (wrongly) apportion to one of the parties something from the case in litigation, he must not usurp his brother’s due. For perjury there is but the torture of fire.”
Al Cadi Iyaz- As shifa.
According to the judgment of the hadiths so far:
1- No source exists that contains references to things lawful and unlawful in religious terms outside the Quran;
2- No hadith books should be created and those already existing should be destroyed;
3- To the acts of the Prophet no religious connotation should be ascribed.
We learn the perfection and wholeness of the Quran from the Quran itself and the fact that there is no need for any supplementary source for Islam. What we want to derive is the fact that the transmitters of hadiths, which they themselves created, are marred with paradoxes.