The book, edited and published by Bedir Publishing House with a laudatory introduction about its author, Erzurumlu Ibrahim Hakký, is an example of work produced by an abysmally ignorant and biased author, greatly acclaimed by many as being the scholar of the Sunnis. We shall be drawing on this Marifatnama and quoting some invaluable information from the incredible working of the author’s imagination:
Sectarian Islam tried to revoke the Quranic verses and added something alien to the Quran: namely stoning to death. What is still more terrifying was the allegation of traditionalists who argued that there was a missing link in the Quran that had to be supplemented. According to their account, the verse that treated the stoning to death of the offender accused of adultery did exist but was eaten up by a goat.
In the meantime, we must not forget that all the sects without exception have vindicated this argument. Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Davudi Hanbal, Ibn Maja hold a brief for the existence of rajm. Yet, the retribution for adultery is well explained in the Quran. To introduce a new provision that contradicts the Quran shows the kind of mentality and the degree of faith in the Quran of the traditionalist Islamist.
2 – The adulteress and the adulterer should be flogged a hundred lashes (jalda) each. Do not be swayed by kindness from carrying out God’s law, if you believe in God and the Last Day. And the punishment should be witnessed by a group of believers.
24 The Light, 2
The punishment is then the flogging of the offender with a jalda, an Arabic expression meaning a stick that would hurt the skin. The Arabic words ansa, minsa, which have the signification of rod, or cudgel, are not mentioned. By this is meant that the idea was not to inflict pain to the offender but merely to expose him/her to public censure. According to the Quran, to prove adultery, the testimony of four witnesses is required. If we take into consideration that immunity of private ownership is de rigueur in Islam, it is difficult for four persons to witness the adulterous act at the same time. Yet, this is a prescription that bans the institution of brothels. While even in such a case ,God says not to be overtaken by compassion, how can a cruel punishment like stoning to death be envisaged? Moreover, in the preceding verse (24 The Light, 1) it is stressed that the verse to follow is explicit enough. This is the law of God who is never short of words (31 Luqmaan, 27); who is the Supreme Lawgiver (5 The Feast, 50); who is not forgetful (19 Mary, 64) and who has revealed the Quran in all its details (11 Hud, 1).
One of the greatest tricks the corrupters of religion had recourse to was to deceive people by turning what was to be revered in religious terms into mere idols.
80 – Nor would He command you to set up angels and the prophets as lords. Would he order you to disbelieve after becoming submitters.
3 The Family of Imran, 80
The deceivers try to taunt the innocent faithful people, asking them such questions as ‘Can it be that you do not love Christ?’ ‘How can you deny the presence of Muhammad?’ In the face of such challenges, the candid people whose love for the prophet is not adulterated remain puzzled. To instill into the brains of ingenuous persons the idea of worshiping things other than God has been their secret aim. The traditionalist Islamist’s attempt at this has been writing books of baseless hadiths collected at random suiting their own ends.
50 – Say: “I tell you not that with me are the treasures of God, nor do I know what is hidden, nor do I tell you I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me.”
6 The Cattle, 50
The verse explicitly points out that the Prophet is a human being like all of us and owes allegiance to what is revealed in the Book.
There have been in the past instances of idolization of prophets and saints, concoctions of manuals and divisions among the devotees into factions against the explicit warning of God’s admonitions.
The objection raised by the clergy to printing and translating the Bible is an example of the biased approach of fanaticism. “It is true that by the invention of printing, the number of books marked a tremendous increase, contributing to the education of the public at large; however, it is also a fact that differences of opinions and dissensions among the public followed a similar trend. Men were henceforth asking questions and calling to doubt the tenets inculcated into their brains. They read, understood and prayed in their own tongues. Under the circumstances there was no more need to consult priests to be enlightened on religious issues. This was naturally to the detriment of the clergy. In order to keep them immune, the religious precepts should be the exclusivity of the clergy.” It was the clergy that had forestalled and retarded the development of sciences. The division into factions and sects of the clergy led to untold bloodshed. The public who tried to pray in its own tongue was subjected to the ordeal of excommunication, of granting of indulgences, of papal inquisitions to combat so-called heresies.
The Suras The Cattle, 154, and The Purgatory, 145 are in the same vein. Despite the fact that the Jews had in their hands the revelation that had been sent down to them through Moses, they created additional authorities under the names of Mishna and Gamara. The fanatics of Judaism had much in common with those of Islam.
44 – Surely we have sent down the Torah, having guidance and light. By it did the prophets who submitted themselves (to God) judge for the Jews and the rabbis and the doctors of law, because they were required to guard the Book of God and they were witnesses…
5 The Feast, 44
47 – The people of the Gospel shall judge in accordance with God’s revelations therein. And those who do not judge in accordance with what God has revealed are transgressors.
5 The Feast, 47
We have already seen that logic and the Quran negate most of the so-called hadiths. On the other hand, there are hadiths that contradict other hadiths. We have seen instances of this in Chapters 4 and 7. Our aim in this chapter is not to approve some of the hadiths that seem logical to us and deny others. Such an attempt would be tantamount to considering the Quran not self-sufficient and incomplete. If we deem the Quran to be self-sufficient, we must shun explanations in which the truth and falsehoods are intermixed. Our objective here is merely to prove that the hadiths chosen by people, who, in total disregard of the fact that hadiths cannot constitute a source for religion, by having recourse to deductive reasoning, involves many contradictions.
We have already seen in Chapter 4 the very existence of hadith books of the Sunni and Shiite sects that contradict the Prophet’s prohibiting of copying his sayings.
We asked permission to write down his sayings, but he refused it.
Tirmizi, Kitabul- Ilm
As we were engaged in copying hadiths, the Prophet came up and asked: “What are you copying?” We answered: “Your sayings.” “Do you want a book other than God’s book? Nations before you swerved from the right path because they wrote books other than the one revealed by God!”
Al Hatib Takyid
Just to make sure that certain errors are indeed made clear and, consequently, corrected, we find it advisable to stress certain points once again. There may be people who would come up arguing that the hadiths that do not clash with the Quran and stand to reason might, after all, be accepted as true. The fact is that these hadiths are also transmitted by the same source. Even though the hadiths may not contradict the verses of the Quran, as long as additional concepts of sins or good deeds and imagery related to hell and paradise are introduced, they should be discarded, since they are but commentaries and interpretations. Anyway, there is no need for any further considerations since the Quran is there, complete and whole and the sole source of Islam.
89 – We have sent down to you the Book explaining all things, a guide, a mercy and glad tidings for those who submit.
16 The Honey Bees, 89
Under the circumstances, to come up with concepts of sins and good deeds with the intention of making additions to the Quran, clashes with the verses of the Quran, some of which we have quoted in Chapter 2. If a given hadith tries to explain something supposedly not clearly expounded or if certain new concepts are put forward, concepts not existing in the Quran related to good deeds, sins, sunna or acts not forbidden by God but looked upon in horror and disgust by Muslim scholars, that hadith would necessarily be a false one. This leads us to another consideration. If a given hadith does not clash with the Quran, with another hadith and with logic and makes no addition to religious concepts, should we accept it as true? The answer is: “We are not in a position to give an answer to what we do not know.” How can we? All the hadiths in circulation have their source in the books of the transmitters of a pack of lies. Moreover, since we have the Quran, infallible in every respect, why do we have to have recourse to the hadiths? Since the Quran explicitly states that we must not abide by conjectural prescriptions, we must surely beware of hadiths every one of which being a matter of conjecture. How can we, in 1400 AH, sort out the contradictions, the paradoxes, the lies and the illogicalities that infiltrated them during their collection in 200-300 AH? All these vain efforts are the result of failing to see the Quran as a complete book; this failure had in fact grave consequences. To illustrate our argument we are giving below ten examples.
PAGE 2: 1) MATHEMATICALLY COMMENSURABLE PRAYERS?
PAGE 3: 2) BEWARE THE LEFT HAND!
PAGE 4: 3) CEREMONIES ON THE OCCASION OF BIRTH
PAGE 5: 4) SHOULD BLACK DOGS BE KILLED?
PAGE 6: 5) EATING IN GOLDEN AND SILVER PLATES PROHIBITED
PAGE 7: 6) PUNISHMENT FOR CUTTING A WOMAN’S FINGERS
PAGE 8: 7) CIRCUMCISION OF WOMEN
PAGE 9: 8.) MAGIC TREE! GIGANTIC MOLAR AND IMMENSE SKIN
PAGE 10: 9) PROPHET’S COMMANDING ABLUTION FOR THE EATER OF CAMEL FLESH
PAGE 11: 10) GHAZZALI’S PRESCRIPTION FOR SALVATION
PAGE 12: HOW TO RECONCILE THESE HADITHS WITH ISLAM?
In the preceding chapters, we saw that the Quran was a guarded, consistent and complete book wherein there were no contradictions, and constituted thus the only source of Islam. We also observed that the hadiths had been exposed to interpolations, were inconsistent and contained contradictions; thus, they could not be considered a source for religion, and, what is more, they were utterly devoid of importance, since the Quran contained all that a man should know as far as religion was concerned. We shall continue to illustrate our argument with examples we shall be providing. We propose, in this section, to show the contradictions of hadiths with logic. According to the Quran, people must work their brains and try to see His revelations reflected in the universe, in their own constitution and in the Quran. To say that reason, which is part and parcel of the universe’s harmony, is not compatible with religion, is to try to conceive of religion in total disregard of reason, to look for virtues and merits by turning a blind eye to it rather than using it. There are laborious works of those who have been instrumental in introducing absurdities into religion and there are dissenters from all creeds. It is inconceivable to think that religion is irreconcilable and incompatible with intelligence. Is intelligence not a blessed gift of God? Does the Quran not repeat every now and then that we should use our brains?
100 – And He casts uncleanness on those who will not understand
10 Jonah, 100
This verse also indicates the reasons for the interpolations of uncleanness. As we are not in a position to squeeze in the brief space of our book hundreds of illogical and paradoxical hadiths, we shall be content with selecting only ten from among them. Our examination of these examples will enable us to understand better the uncleanness cast on those who turn a blind eye to the discourse of reason.
The traditionalist Islamist casts aspersion upon us arguing that we are confirmed enemies of the Prophet, that we deny his words and that we ignore him. We ask them a simple question: “Does questioning the truth of these so-called hadiths mean belittling the Prophet or rather protecting him against lies?” To confirm the truth of the contrived hadiths would certainly mean ascribing to him false statements and earn us the attribute of an accomplice.
PAGE 2: 1) LIVER OF THE FISH ON WHICH RESTS THE EARTH?
PAGE 3: 2) GOD=TIME?
PAGE 4: 3) MOSES SLAPPING THE FACE OF AZRAEL THE ANGEL OF DEATH?
PAGE 5: 4) HOW CAN THE PROPHET BE CRUEL?
PAGE 6: 5) FIRE EXTINGUISHED BY PRAYER?
PAGE 7: 6) AN IMPORTANT INJUCTION REGARDING SEXUAL INTERCOURSE!
PAGE 8: 7) WOMAN LICKING PUS?
PAGE 9: 8.) IMPERTINENCE OF THE GOAT!
PAGE 10: 9) THE MAGIC STONE!
PAGE 11: 10) CONUNDRUM!
As we have seen, God says that the Quran is protected and free from all contradictions. God brings testimony to His statement by the fact that the Quran is His own word. By analogy, we deduced in Chapter 6 that hadiths could not constitute a source for religion as they clashed even with the Quran. These discrepancies are proofs of our contention. We shall be witnessing the fact that truth and falsehood are inextricably mixed together. It would be worth while to note that even though, when a given hadith does not conflict with the Quran and is not contrary to reason, it does not necessarily follow that it is the word of the Prophet and need not be taken as such. Religion cannot be based on such conjectures. Therefore no hadith can be considered having a religious connotation.
116 – If you obey the majority of people on earth, they will divert you from the path of God. They follow only conjecture, they only guess.
6 The Cattle, 116
36 – Most of them follow nothing but conjecture. Surely, conjecture is no substitute for the truth. God is fully aware of everything they do. But most of them follow nothing but fancy: truly fancy can be of no avail against truth. Verily God is well aware of all they do.
10 Jonah, 36
We are warned against abiding by conjectures. To try to found religious concepts on conjectures like hadiths would be baseless, since we have been provided with a miraculous, guarded and sound source without any contradiction like the Quran. Now we are going to illustrate the incongruity between hadiths in 10 examples.
PAGE 2: 1) DRAWING BLOOD DURING FAST
PAGE 3: 2) TURNING TOWARD MECCA DURING URINATION OR DEFECATION
PAGE 4: 3) KISSING ONE’S WIFE DOES NOT VIOLATE ONE’S FAST
PAGE 5: 4) CAN ONE PERFORM THE SALAT (RITUAL PRAYER) TWICE?
PAGE 6: 5) URINATING
PAGE 7: 6) DRINKING WATER
PAGE 8: 7) MENSTRUAL PERIOD
PAGE 9: 8.) CAN SOMEONE ON PILGRIMAGE GET MARRIED?
PAGE 10: 9) CAN A MAN’S CALF BE UNCOVERED?
PAGE 11: 10) THE SKIN OF DEAD ANIMAL
We shall study in this chapter the contradictions between the Quran, the basic and unique source of Islam, and the fabricated hadiths. When we observe the fatal consequences of the adoption of the hadiths as a source of religion, we shall see better the importance of going back to the Quran. We have quoted here the hadiths from the most famous book on hadiths to illustrate those that are openly in contradiction with the Quran; you can imagine the hadiths contained in the lesser known compilations.
The fact that these are hadiths that plainly contradict the verses of the Quran is enough to reject them all and our return to the Quran for our religious concepts. There are thousands of hadiths that present glaring contradictions with the Quran. We shall confine ourselves by quoting only ten. As we proceed, we shall witness many such inconsistencies.
Now, how do we know if the Quran is the Word of God? Some may come up with the answer: “It is said so in the Quran.” However, if there crop up persons pointing to other books ascribed to God, what shall be our argument?
We shall be able to assert that the Quran is the Word of God after examining and making an assessment of its contents. To discuss the truth of God’s message has to do with the intrinsic contents of the Quran. If we examine the hadiths with the same logic, we can see if they deserve to be a source of God’s revelation or not. As we discuss the degree of truth by the established religion, by referring to the very contents of the Quran, so we must examine the argument that hadiths must be considered a source of religion by referring to the body of hadiths. We have examined the Quran and the hadiths from the point of view of their respective intrinsic values, which would enable us to assess how far they could constitute a source for Islam. The hadiths we shall be examining now will make clear their reliability and truthfulness as a source of Islam.
The hadiths quoted here are those acknowledged reliable by prominent hadith scholars. We have left out those denied by them, as they deemed them not dependable. Of the latter, the following examples may be quoted: “When God desired to create Himself, He made the horse run and let it perspire; and out of this perspiration He created Himself” or “God created the angels from the hairs of His armpits and chest” or “God’s eyes were sore, the angels came to pay Him a visit” or “I saw God in my dream. He was a handsome young man with long hair. He wore a green garment and had golden sandals on His feet” (see Defense of the Hadiths Ibn Kutayba).
It is true that the prominent hadith scholars denied such fabricated hadiths and ignored them. What we shall presently see are the hadiths quoted by the most reliable, trustworthy and dependable hadith books, and we shall observe that the truth and falsehoods are inextricably mixed and any effort to tell them apart would be fruitless. Moreover, given the fact that the Quran is self-sufficient and complete in every respect, such an effort would be futile.
82 – Why do they not consider the Quran? If it were from other than God, they would have found in it many contradictions.
4 The Women, 82
9 – Surely, We have sent down a Reminder, And We are protecting It.
15 Al Hijr, 9
Verse 4 of the Sura The Women states that the source of Islam embodies no contradictions. By such a statement God confirms the truthfulness of the Quran as well as indicating how the book to constitute the source of religion should be. The very existence of the hadiths that contradict the Quran is proof that they cannot be considered as a source of Islam. Verse 15 Al Hijr 9 explicitly states that the Quran is a guarded and protected book. We shall see presently and in the following three chapters that the hadiths are not protected and that the whole body of them has become a hotchpotch of invented sayings.
By witnessing the regrettable consequences of the acceptance of the hadiths as a source of religion, we shall better see the absolute necessity of returning to the only source of Islam, the Quran, free from all contradictions and a guarded and protected Book.
PAGE 2: 1) GOD’S CALF?
PAGE 3: 2) GOD SHAKES HANDS?
PAGE 4: 3) SHOULD RENEGADES BE PUT TO DEATH?
PAGE 5: 4) SUFFERING FOR TEARS
PAGE 6: 5) GOOD WOMEN AND CROWS
PAGE 7: 6) SPELL AND PROPHET
PAGE 8: 7) IS A WILL PERMISSIBLE?
PAGE 9: 8.) PAINTERS GREATEST SINNERS?
PAGE 10: 9) WEARING GOLD ITEMS AND SILK GARMENTS?
PAGE 11: 10) FISH CAUSE OF EARTHQUAKE?
In the first three chapters we settled the question of the self-sufficiency of the Quran and in the fourth we produced clear evidence to show that the hadiths sanctified and clothed in the garb of holiness could not constitute a source for Islam, by pointing to the method of collection. Assuming that the companions of the Prophet are free from all error, the question of the literal representation in the collection of hadiths proved the unreliability of it, no matter how honorable the intention may have been. We shall no longer be dealing with these in the present chapter. The object of our study will be the intentional interpolations. This will enable us to have an insight into the reasons of inventions of which we shall furnish examples in Chapters 6, 7, 8 and 9.
PAGE 2: 1) FABRICATIONS WITH THE INTENTION OF ADULTERATING THE RELIGION
PAGE 3: 2) FABRICATIONS BY DISSIDENTS
PAGE 4: 3) FABRICATIONS BY THOSE WHO THOUGHT THAT THE REVELATION NEEDED TO BE SUPPLEMENTED
PAGE 5: 4) FABRICATIONS TO MAKE RELIGION ATTRACTIVE TO PEOPLE
PAGE 6: 5) FABRICATORS WHO TRIED TO JUSTIFY THEIR SECTS AND IDEAS
PAGE 7: 6) FABRICATIONS UNDER PRESSURE
PAGE 8: 7) FABRICATIONS BY SEEKERS OF MATERIAL GAIN
PAGE 9: 8.) FABRICATORS, SEEKERS OF SPIRITUAL ADVANTAGE
PAGE 10: 9) FABRICATIONS TO GIVE A PLACE FOR TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS IN RELIGION
PAGE 11: 10) FABRICATIONS RESULTING FROM INTERPOLATIONS INTO THE RELIGION OF STORIES FROM OTHER RELIGIONS