A BOOK WRITTEN UNDER THE OMAYYADS: IRCA (DEFERRAL)
In the political medium of the Omayyads, the confrontation of Ali and Othman and indulging in arguments about Muaviya and Ali were daily occurrences. There was a group of people that remained indifferent toward people who occupied an administrative office in the political arena and preferred not to speak their minds as to who was faithful and who the heretic. “God knows who is what” had been their motto. As they had deferred the sentence to the Judgment Day, they were called Murcie (postponers).
The relevant opinions had been expressed in the book entitled Irca (Deferral). It was written in the 60s AH, during the later period of the Omayyads, 150-200 years prior to the celebrated hadith books. The book stressed, at an early phase of Islam, that the source of religion was the Quran. This was a period during which additions to the Quran had started. The absolute dominion of the mentality that promoted the copying of hadiths came about toward the end of the Abbassids.
In the said book, Hasan bin Muhammad describes the Quran with quotations from the Quran: This revelation is sent down with the knowledge of God (11 Hud, 14; 4 The Women 166), God perfected His revelations (22 The Pilgrimage, 52), the Quran is explained in detail (11 Hud, 1; 6 The Cattle, 55, 97, 98, 126; 7 The Purgatory, 52,174; 9 Repentance, 11), it is guarded (15 Al Hijr, 9, 17), God set the best examples in the Quran (14 Abraham, 45; 30 The Roman, 58), and the Quran is the distinguisher of true and false (25 The Distinguisher, 1; 8 The Spoils of War, 25)… According to Hasan bin Muhammad, God’s grace has been accomplished by the revelation of the Quran, and prayers took their final form. This is the end of all injunctions. The believers are to obey what have been prescribed for them in the Quran. It is the sound link that will never be broken. God made the Quran in the form of a book and commanded His servants to obey whatever is written in it. Humanity is obliged to learn it by heart and transmit it to future generations. Woe to those who break away from it. Hasan bin Muhammad, who admitted no salvation outside the Quran’s jurisdiction, had declared Sebeils as enemy because they claimed that man could be saved by a secret revelation (see Ýrca Deferral, and Türklerin Islamlaþma Sürecinde Mürcie ve Tesirleri).
The fact that in the above considerations no place has been given to any hadith shows that the author of the book Deferral enjoyed the same cast of mind as ours. This book that gave tongue to the Deferrals, the opposition to the hadith transmitters of Kharidjis and the Mutazila’s rationalism that ousted the hadiths are examples of the opposition experienced by the political authorities before they succeeded in imposing the sectarian concepts as the official religion.