ORIGINS OF ISLAM
To find out the deviations in question, we must trace back to the origins of Islam. Having established the fact that the Quran is the only authority of Islam, we shall consult it whenever we are asked to provide answers to questions put to us. For instance, if somebody wants to know if the practice whereby some Muslim women veil themselves and avoid contact with men not related to them is dictated or not in the Quran, we shall have to look it up in the Quran, and having concluded after careful research that there is no such thing, we shall be in a position to safely state that the Quran has no such exhortation. In such a case, the traditionalists would refer to books on Islamic ‘catechism’ and to their sheikhs, and arrive at the conclusion that the segregating of women and men does figure in the Quran and is a binding duty. (For illustration of the way to understand Islam by sheer reference to the Quran, see Chapters 35, 37 and 38.)
Having examined these issues, we are faced with the question of whether the Quran is a sufficient source for the practice of Islam. The Quran is complete and self-sufficient. What is more, the fact that it is the only source of the Islamic religion is explicitly stated in it. For dissenters, the Quran needs to be supplemented by hadiths, the general concurrence and agreement in opinion and decision of legalists and analogy. In the present book, we shall try to prove that pronouncements other than those in the Quran are not reliable. If we can prove that even the hadiths cannot be an auxiliary source for the practice of the Islamic religion, the other sources enumerated above will necessarily lose their validity.
The Quran is not self-sufficient, according to traditionalists. Yet, the verses we have quoted in this section form conclusive evidence, proving that the Quran is indeed self-sufficient and that it is a book that clarifies everything, as it contains all the detailed information necessary. To state that the Quran is not self-sufficient and that there is need for supplementary sources is tantamount to acting against the dictates of the Quran. We shall not pass over the issue by mere reference to the verses quoted above, but demonstrate, from different perspectives, the error committed by those who insist on supplementary sources, and show the spuriousness of words attributed to the Prophet and their contradictory and irrational character.