7) FABRICATIONS BY SEEKERS OF MATERIAL GAIN
Travelers who set out on journeys to collect hadiths had lucrative objectives. It is reported that Yakub b. Ibrahim would not transmit any hadiths unless he was paid one dinar per hadith. Abu Naim al-Fadl expected a consideration per hadith transmitted. Ali b. Jafar, a student of his, reported: “We copied hadiths from Abu Naim al Fadl in return for which he received from us precious dirhams. If the dirhams we had about us happened to be low in value, he asked extra consideration.” “There was no end to the liars wallowing in riches,” had retorted Ali b.Qasým to Shuba b. Hajjaj who had said that Umera b. Hafsa was rich, consequently he would not lie, and the hadiths he transmitted should be trusted after his special injunction to the effect that no hadiths should be received from the poor (Al kifaya).
There were also people who produced hadiths to order. In order to promote their merchandise many traders had recourse to the hadith agents in return for money, and had them invent hadiths extolling the benefits of the goods they sold. An example of this is the case of the perfume sellers who had invented hadiths praising the benefits of fragrance. Hadith fabricators like Abu’l Mujazzam, who fabricated 70 hadiths in return for one kurush as reported by Shuba b. Hajjaj, may be given as an example.
PAGE 2: 1) FABRICATIONS WITH THE INTENTION OF ADULTERATING THE RELIGION
PAGE 3: 2) FABRICATIONS BY DISSIDENTS
PAGE 4: 3) FABRICATIONS BY THOSE WHO THOUGHT THAT THE REVELATION NEEDED TO BE SUPPLEMENTED
PAGE 5: 4) FABRICATIONS TO MAKE RELIGION ATTRACTIVE TO PEOPLE
PAGE 6: 5) FABRICATORS WHO TRIED TO JUSTIFY THEIR SECTS AND IDEAS
PAGE 7: 6) FABRICATIONS UNDER PRESSURE
PAGE 9: 8.) FABRICATORS, SEEKERS OF SPIRITUAL ADVANTAGE
PAGE 10: 9) FABRICATIONS TO GIVE A PLACE FOR TRADITIONS AND CUSTOMS IN RELIGION
PAGE 11: 10) FABRICATIONS RESULTING FROM INTERPOLATIONS INTO THE RELIGION OF STORIES FROM OTHER RELIGIONS